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Mission personnel

Bio of CT Earnest

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Related documents

  • July 1917, Red Cross Magazine. War Council Report
  • American Red Cross Annual Report 1917
  • American Red Cross Annual Report 1918
  • American Red Cross Annual Report 1919

Suggested resources


Anderson, Col. H.W. (2003). The Russian revolution. Reprint of Speech at 1918 Annual Meeting of Virginia Bar Association. Honolulu, HA: University Press of the Pacific.

Bell, Dr. R. (Ed.). (1917-1919). Romanian Postal History Bulletin.

  • A series of articles about the extensive correspondence between Dr. Emerson F. Hird and his family during his service on the Commission.

Byam, Major B. (1919). Trench fever. In Lt. L.L. Lloyd (1919), Lice and their menace to man. Oxford University Press.

Englund, P. (2011). The beauty and the sorrow: An intimate history of the first World War. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.

  • Note from a review: “The beauty and the sorrow threads together the wartime experiences of 20 more or less unremarkable men and women on both sides of the war.”

Kaplan, R.D. (1993). Balkan ghosts: A journey through history. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Meinhardt, A., & Meinhardt, O. (2008). The Transiberian railway. Munich, Germany: Bucher Publishing.

Vopicka, C.J. (1921). Secrets of the Balkans. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally & Co.


European regional maps [University of South Florida]. Excellent overview with maps of the region from 1000-800 BC to 1919 (and beyond)

The map as history. Another overview with maps from 1815 to 1914.

Geoana, M. (2012, August 2). Bringing Romania back from the brink. The New York Times. Op-ed written by a Romanian senator, its ambassador to the U.S., its foreign minister and a presidential candidate in 2009.

New York Times coverage of the era

October 15, 1918. American hustle in Vladivostock where our soldiers guard vast stores. Times correspondent describes picturesque scenes at Allied base in Siberia. Our men anxious to push on and fight. High tribute paid to Czechs, who control city. American envoys alert. Our troops guard supplies. Flood of new money.

October 30, 1918. Rescue castoffs of war at Harbin. 1,055 Serbian and Montenegrin refugees had been in box cars since Feb. 19. Started to circle world. Starving, cold, and almost forgotten, they found help at last from Americans.

November 14, 1918. Siberia needs medical stores. Doctors there helpless because of lack of drugs and ordinary bandages. Typhus epidemic rages. No co-ordination among the various American relief organizations in Russia. Prince Lvoff in America.

December 22, 1918. An “Amerikansky” in Siberia. Food abundant there while Russia starves. Vast, unexplored wealth amazes the foreigner.

December 25, 1918. Believed 25,000,000 joined Red Cross. War Council compiling final figures of members gained in Christmas roll call. Borough enrolls 400,000. Manhattan increased from 285,000 last year – Brooklyn over 150,000 and hopes for 250,000.

January 2, 1919. Chronology of events in last year of the war, 1918. Armistice beholds annihilation of Imperialism and political turmoil in enemy countries, with associated nations striving for perpetual peace formula.

January 26, 1919. Three ships bring 4,000 troops home. Transports Atenas and Maul and French liner Rochambeau arrive here. 1,000 given shore leave. Surgeon says that only 110 American soldiers were blinded in war.

April 13, 1919. Plans for Red Cross congress after peace. Conference headed by H.P. Davidson now making arrangements for Great Society to represent the whole world.

July 27, 1919. Existing Bolshevism vs. theory. Red Cross Commissioner in Siberia says it is direct attack upon civilization.

June 29, 1919. Finds Serbia’s need world’s greatest. Col. Folks says nation has nothing left after war but her soil and that depleted. Her man-power destroyed. Even her spirit menaced by Bolshevism. Organized aid of civilization called upon.

August 11, 1919. Balkans owe much to Red Cross aid. Lieut. Col. Anderson, in charge of relief work, says conditions are improved. People no longer starve. Hospitals, where patients formerly died for lack of supplies, now well equipped.

January 18, 1920. American Red Cross to leave Siberia. Record of its word since July, 1918, shows vast and varied activities.